After the anesthetic effect wears off, he area where the implant was placed will hurt. Swelling and pain after an implant procedure is considered normal. Redness and swelling in the jaw bone which had surgery can last for 4 to 7 days.
Pain: During this initial stage of dental implant healing, some degree of pain occurs and later on subsides slowly. The severity of dental implant pain that you experience is dependent on various factors:-
1) The intensity of pain varies and it is based on any complications during surgical procedure or additional implant associated surgeries such as tooth removal or bone grafting procedures. You can experience pain more than usual and it is considered to be quite normal. Pain can be managed by pain medications that are prescribed by your implant surgeon. In fact, the soreness is expected to subside in 3 to 5 days and the pain must subside in 7 to 10 days.
soreness is a common phenomenon that can be encountered post-surgically for 10 days. This occurs in all kinds of surgeries. The soreness must always subside.
2) Swelling – Presence of swelling indicates infection and you must contact your implant dentist. The infection can be managed with antibiotics.
3) Healing is not really dependent on the severity of dental implant pain that you encounter. But, it seems people respond quickly by experiencing less soreness and pain which hastens the healing process compared to others.
In general, implant pain must subside after a week to 10 days of procedure as it indicates implant failure if you still experience any eventful pain. Implant failure can occur due to many causes such as Infection, Improper placement of dental implant, long healing cap, nerve impairment, loose implant, Substandard fixtures, bone burn, gum pressure induced by a temporary bridge.
Infection: Dental implant infection is the main responsible factor of Implant failure which occurs at an area of jawbone where the implant fixture is placed and it is associated with pain, swelling with redness, unpleasant smell, and unpleasant taste. Sometimes, the nerve can get affected and pain cannot be experienced due to numbness. However, swelling with redness implies implant infection and it requires attention from an implant dentist. If left untreated, the infection from gums can spread deeper to bone resulting in bone loss and complications. Infection and pain can be alleviated with antibiotics and other medications as it occurs due to substandard fixtures, oversized crowns, loose implant or loose healing cap.
A loose healing cap: It comprises of a tiny screw that is placed on the top of the implant during gum healing stage which is later removed during a crown placement on the implant. This healing cap can get loose due to healing process causing gum irritation and soreness which can be managed by refitting the healing cap after removing it and cleaning the top of the implant.
A loose implant: A loose implant can cause severe pain and it has to be removed to avoid further complications however implant heals into the bone and merges with it in few cases. The use of substandard fixtures provide poor fitting resulting in gap formation on screwing which lodges bacteria causing pain and hence the use of well standardized fixtures can solve the problem.
Bone burn: The bone can get damaged rarely by the heat generation of a drill during an implant procedure which delays bone healing causing pain as an area of bone remains dead. As a result, removal of implant and a dead layer of bone with bone grafting to fill up the bone space can promote the healing process.
Gum impingement caused by temporary bridge or denture: It can occur by the presence of temporary tooth or denture that may press on the dental implant during healing process causing pain due to gum impingement over the implant. a rule of thumb – no pressure from a prosthesis on new dental implants in the first few weeks after they are installed.