Do you find everyday activities such as eating or drinking hot and cold foods, makes you wince with pain? If so, you are likely to have sensitive teeth, which is a widespread condition that causes temporary pain in your teeth when specific stimulus and temperature changes occur.
What Causes Sensitive Teeth?
The cause of sensitive teeth is the wearing of and exposing the tooth roots, which reveals the tooth dentin. The dentin is a much softer substance that consists of lots of tiny tubules that lead directly to the center of your tooth containing all the nerves and root canals. The exposure of the dentin transmits temperature changes to the tooth nerves resulting in pain or sensitivity.
Minute cracks can develop in your teeth as a result of temperature changes in the mouth, or due to clenching or grinding habits. These cracks can open up whenever you bite and chew, or whenever you eat or drink something very hot or icy.
The exposure of the dentin allows the sensations to penetrate right to the nerves of the tooth.
Tooth sensitivity can also be due to other factors such as having a chipped tooth, an untreated cavity, or it can be a side-effect of teeth bleaching.
Getting a Diagnosis
Booking an appointment with your dentist will help you identify the cause of the problem. You may require treatment for sensitive teeth. In lesser cases, you can manage by making simple changes to your lifestyle and oral hygiene routine.
What are the Solutions for Sensitive Teeth?
- Filling untreated cavities.
- Use a sealant to cover exposed root surfaces.
- Dental bonding can mend chips and cracks to teeth. Bonding is a simple process that uses composite resin to cover-up the affected areas.
- A root canal therapy may be required If you are in severe pain,
- Applying fluoride to the sensitive areas to help strengthen the tooth enamel and reduce pain.
- If your teeth have become cracked due to teeth grinding, then your dentist may suggest fitting a night guard.
Caring for Sensitive Teeth at Home
Over-brushing can make your teeth overly sensitive. We will recommend using a soft-bristled toothbrush combined with toothpaste designed for sensitive teeth. And will block up the tubules in the dentin, gradually eliminating the sensitivity.
Acidic foods or drinks can erode dental enamel. Limiting your intake of acidic foods and beverages can help. Whenever you eat something acidic, try to drink milk or water afterward to help increase the pH levels in your mouth. After eating something acidic, wait a while before brushing the tooth enamel will gradually re-harden as the pH levels begin to return to normal.