There are some very dangerous medical problems that can first show up in the mouth. Liver problems, diabetes, leukemia and cancer are all potential causes of bleeding. Bleeding of the mouth or gums is not normal; it is an important symptom that demands immediate attention. A complete oral exam by a prosthodontist, like Dr. Penchas, is recommended at the first sign of bleeding. Often the cause of bleeding is easily treatable and the patient is relieved to know there is no severe illness involved. But in serious cases, early diagnosis can be life saving.
Plaque is an invisible film made up of bacteria that forms on teeth. The bacteria in plaque produce acid that causes tooth decay. It may spread below the gums leading to infection and inflammation of the gums. Though plaque can be removed by thorough brushing and flossing, it quickly reforms. Plaque, if not removed, may harden into tartar. Tarter can only be removed through professional cleaning. Failure to remove plaque and tarter leads to gingivitis, infection of the gums. That, in turn, can lead to periodontal disease, a major cause of tooth loss. For this reason Dr. Penchas recommends his patients have their teeth professionally cleaned at least twice a year. Diet, use of tobacco products, and other factors may require you to have more frequent cleaning.
Periodontal disease is an infection of the ligaments and bone that support your teeth. It is frequently caused by the spread of infection from the gums. As the affected bone support deteriorates teeth become loose and will eventually be lost. Periodontitis is the major cause of adult tooth loss. Some of the symptoms of periodontal disease are red or purple gums, tenderness, loose teeth, and bad breath. Periodontal disease is a serious medical problem that can lead to serious complications beyond tooth loss. It requires immediate attention by Prosthodontist, like Dr. Penchas.