Tooth Decay

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What is Tooth Decay?

Tooth decay occurs when bacteria in the mouth produce acids that erode the hard outer layer of your tooth, which is called dental enamel, exposing the much softer layer of tooth material underneath that is called dentin.  As tooth decay progresses, it creates a cavity (dental caries). If not treated the decay will eventually reach the center of the tooth containing all the nerves and blood supply, causing pain and infection, and this can even lead to tooth loss.
What Causes Tooth Decay?

Tooth decay is caused through the formation of plaque in your mouth, combined with eating foods high in carbohydrates and sugars. This is the sticky colorless layer that forms over your teeth throughout the day, and if you haven’t cleaned your teeth for a while, then you can often feel it only by running your tongue over your teeth.

Plaque contains bacteria that thrive on leftover foods in the mouth, producing acids and toxins as a by-product and which attack your teeth. Every time you eat the acidity in your mouth will increase, weakening the tooth enamel and increasing the risk of tooth decay. It’s even worse if you frequently snack throughout the day, as the acidity levels will remain high for more extended periods.

Preventing Tooth Decay and Treating It

Preventing tooth decay is very straightforward, and relies on proper oral hygiene at home combined with preventative dental care at Midtown Dentistry. If you are overdue for a visit, then now is a great time to book a dental exam and professional cleaning.

Professional Dental Care

Dr. Jonathan Penchas or another of our dentists will examine your teeth for any small signs of cavities or lesions that require treatment. Sometimes it might be possible to treat microscopic lesions or pits in the teeth with fluoride to help harden the tooth surfaces, but otherwise, it will be necessary to fill the tooth.

Regular check-ups are essential, even if you think your teeth are trouble-free. Often dental diseases such as tooth decay will not present any symptoms until relatively well advanced. By this stage, you are likely to need a much more substantial filling, or possibly even root canal treatment. If the cavity is too big, it might be necessary to crown the tooth. All of these options are much more expensive and time-consuming than a tiny filling.

Routine dental cleanings will remove any hardened plaque from your teeth. Plaque begins to harden within 48 hours or so, and after this has occurred, it can only be removed by a dental professional through scraping it away. Professional cleanings help to decrease the chance of tooth decay as well as gum disease. Other treatments that can help reduce the risk of tooth decay include dental sealants and fluoride treatments. Ask your dentist for further information.

Oral Care at Home

If you want to decrease your risk of tooth decay, then you need to make sure you brush your teeth twice a day and that you floss once a day. You also need to make sure your technique is the very best it can be. If you’d like some extra help, then ask our dental staff for advice on the best way to brush and floss.

Lifestyle Changes That Can Help Lessen the Risk of Tooth Decay

Even small changes can make a difference. Cutting out snacks in between meals or choosing healthier snacks such as cheese or vegetables will help decrease the amount of time your teeth are exposed to acid. If you smoke, then quitting will lower your risk as nicotine increases the ability of plaque to stick to your teeth.

Saliva is naturally cleansing, so if you suffer from dry mouth, then take action to address this problem. It can be helpful to suck sugar free candy or to use sugar-free chewing gum to help stimulate the flow of saliva and to make sure you are well hydrated.

Houston Most Searched Dental Procedures

” They are all very welcoming, professional and knowledgeable, especially hygienist Loan Pham. I recently got braces and my  teeth look and feel great every time I leave her chair, even now with braces – she’s amazing.”

  • Kathy Hall Avatar

    This is a great place. I have been coming here for over 6 years.... read more

    Kathy Hall 10/01/2020
    Natalie Jackson Avatar

    Ashley the dental assistant was so prepared and amazing. She talked me through what to... read more

    Natalie Jackson 10/01/2020
    Anna Washington-Hall Avatar

    I was very impressed by the way the staff handled patients during COVID-19. I was... read more

    Anna Washington-Hall 9/30/2020
  • Randall Turner Avatar

    The staff is incredible. As for as Dr. Penchus he is fantastic. He's... read more

    Randall Turner 9/30/2020
    Zach Rehmert Avatar

    Great experience as always! Staff is patient and attentive. My hygienist did a wonderful job.... read more

    Zach Rehmert 9/24/2020
    Dustin Cox Avatar

    Overall good experience. My only comment is that they do have higher prices. I’ve inquired... read more

    Dustin Cox 9/15/2020
  • MYNOVANGELIS KADIRI Avatar

    Wonderful staff. Very warm and professional. Made me feel extremely comfortable. My best dental experience... read more

    MYNOVANGELIS KADIRI 9/13/2020
    Tara Cortez Avatar

    I would absolutely recommend Midtown Dentistry located downtown in the Esperson building. Stacy is pleasant... read more

    Tara Cortez 9/09/2020
    Mark Kusmider Avatar

    Staff is very friendly and kind here! One of the best cleaning experiences I've had.... read more

    Mark Kusmider 9/04/2020
  • Diana Tovias Avatar

    My husband was having very bad tooth pain and my close friend recommended this location.... read more

    Diana Tovias 9/03/2020
    Bernave Oviedo Avatar

    Very friendly staff and they were able to work with me and my insurance. They... read more

    Bernave Oviedo 9/03/2020
    Maritza Vazquez-Trejo Avatar

    Had a fantastic visit with Dr. Max! Very kind and knowledgeable staff, answered all my... read more

    Maritza Vazquez-Trejo 8/28/2020
  • David Hernandez Avatar

    So I haven’t been to the dentist in a very long time. The staff here... read more

    David Hernandez 8/22/2020
    Klara Avatar

    The staff at Midtown Dentistry in the downtown tunnels are exceptional. Dr. Quintanilla takes his... read more

    Klara 8/20/2020
    Kenny Melgar Avatar

    Great experience, staff is friendly and worked quickly. Already had my cleaning and got my... read more

    Kenny Melgar 8/20/2020
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