Our teeth are held in place by gum tissue and bone. When bone and gum tissue are healthy, the tooth snugly fits. When one has periodontal disease, the bone surrounding the affected teeth gets deformed and form pockets. When left untreated, the pockets become deeper, collect bacteria within the gum tissue and eventually cause tooth loss.
Osseous surgery is an effective treatment for periodontal disease. Also known as pocket reduction surgery or gingivectomy, the procedure is not really as daunting as it sounds. Simply put, it is a procedure that removes deformities or pockets within the alveolar bone that surround the diseased teeth. It also removes tartar and bacteria to prevent the gum disease from progressing. A periodontist can perform this surgery.
The Osseous Surgery Procedure
Osseous surgery requires local anesthesia. When the area is already numb, the extent of damage is assessed and the amount of bone loss and depth of pocket are determined.
The gum is then flapped back and tartar is removed. After the area has been cleaned, the reshaping of the tooth and re-contouring of the bone are the next steps. This procedure will eliminate the pockets or craters. For advanced periodontal disease where the craters or holes are deep, bone graft may be necessary to fill them in. The gum is then flapped to its original position and stitched to hold in place. The suture may be made of nylon and must be removed after a week. If you cannot go back to your dentist within a week to have it removed, a different kind of material may be used and may require the patient to come back for as long as after one month.
To avoid food from getting into the affected area, a protective material will be placed for the patient’s convenience and peace of mind. It is important to follow post-operative procedures to hasten the healing process.
What to expect from Osseous Surgery
Periodontal disease is a serious condition. If you want to preserve your natural teeth, you must be treated as soon as possible. The sooner you get treatment, the higher the chances of preventing bone and tooth loss.
Aside from keeping your natural smile, a healthy mouth can help in minimizing risks of heart and respiratory diseases. Remember that the body is made up of different but interconnected parts. When one part is not working well, it will soon affect the other organs and cause sickness or disease.
Although it is called “surgery” there is no reason to get anxious about the procedure. You can discuss with your dentist the different types of sedation available for you to feel relaxed and comfortable throughout the procedure.
After the surgery, the patient must come back for follow up procedures or checkup to ensure that periodontal disease has been eliminated. Visiting your dentist regularly and maintaining good oral hygiene can help prevent or at least minimize the probability of the disease from occurring again.